Habitat & Economy 

Ethnic  

Habitat & Economy

A major portion of the tribal habitat is hilly and forested and the major settlements are besides rivers that have alluvial plains. Tribal economy is characterized as subsistence oriented.

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A major portion of the tribal habitat is hilly and forested and the major settlements are besides rivers that have alluvial plains. Tribal economy is characterized as subsistence oriented. The subsistence economy is based mainly on collecting, hunting and fishing or a combination of hunting and col ...

A major portion of the tribal habitat is hilly and forested and the major settlements are besides rivers that have alluvial plains. Tribal economy is characterized as subsistence oriented. The subsistence economy is based mainly on collecting, hunting and fishing or a combination of hunting and collecting with shifting cultivation. Based on their economic disposition, the tribal communities in Odisha was categorized into Hunters, collectors and gatherers (Kharia, Mankidi, Mankidia and Birhor tribes in forests of Mayurbhanj, Keonjhar and Sundargarh districts),  Cattle-herders (Koya tribe of the Malkangiri District), Simple artisans (Mahali and Kol-Lohara tribes near the Santhal Pargana division of Jharkhand), and Hill and shifting cultivators (Juang and Bhuyan in the northern Odisha, Kondh, Saora, Koya, Parenga, Didayi, Dharua and Bondo in southern Orissa) to name a few.
 

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